ESIC Eligibility for Startup Founders

ESIC eligibility for startups

The ESIC regimes has many tax benefits that can incentivise investors. As such, founders should be aware of the ESIC eligibility for startups, particularly the various criteria such as the 100 point innovation or principles based test.

Does my business qualify for ESIC? It’s a question we get often, so we’ve put together a comprehensive checklist so you can keep your investors informed. Early Stage Innovation Companies (ESIC) offer a unique investment opportunity and have the effect of de-risking on tax exposures. In our experience it can often be the deciding factor in getting seed or venture capital investment onboard.

How does my startup qualify for ESIC?

    A company will qualify as an ESIC if it meets both:

  • The early stage test and
  • either the 100-point innovation test or Principles-based innovation test

The Early stage test

    The company must satisfy the four requirements.

  1. Company must be incorporated in Australia
  2. The company plus any subsidiary must have total expenses of less than $1 million in the previous financial year
  3. The company plus any subsidiary must have total income of less than $200,000 in the previous financial year
  4. Company must not be listed

100-point innovation test

The company must obtain at least 100 points under the criteria below.

75 Points

50 Points

  • At least 15% but less than 50% of the company’s expenses for the prior year are eligible notional deductions for the R&D Tax Incentive – e.g. significant development expenses, salaries, subscriptions.
  • The company has completed or is undertaking an eligible accelerator program
  • One or more third parties have previously paid a total of at least $50,000 for the issue of new shares in the company
  • The company has enforceable rights on an innovation i.e. a standard patent, a plant breeder’s right, international IP

25 Points

  • The company has enforceable rights on an innovation i.e. an innovation patent, a design right.

The company has a written agreement to co-develop and commercialise an innovation with either an institution listed on the Higher Education Funding Act or an entity registered as a Research Service Provider.

Principles-based innovation test

    The company must satisfy the five requirements.

  1. The company must be genuinely focused on developing one or more new or significantly improved innovations for commercialisation.
  2. The business must have high growth potential i.e. a serviceable market
  3. The company must demonstrate it can scale (to meet that serviceable market)
  4. The company must demonstrate it can meet a broader than local market
  5. The company must demonstrate competitive advantages

The nature of the Principles-based Innovation Test is more subjective in its approach and can be interpreted differently by different assessors at the ATO.

It is for this reason the 100-point test should be relied on as a litmus test for access to the ESIC concessions in general as many of the requirements that can be readily confirmed will also check off requirements for the early stage and principles-based test.

An ATO private ruling outlining your circumstances, and the application of law may help to provide your investors some more confidence around the ATO’s perspective here.

The above points are a summary only so for any areas of uncertainty please speak to your Fullstack advisor.

For an investor to be entitled to the ESIC tax offset, the company must qualify as an early stage innovation company (ESIC) immediately after the new shares are issued to the investor. If you need help with identifying if your business is qualified reach out to the seasoned tax accountants at Fullstack whom can also assist with a straightforward process for implementing ESIC where eligible.

Was this article helpful?

Stuart Reynolds is the founder of Fullstack Advisory, an award-winning accounting firm for businesses leading the future. He is a 3rd generation accountant who specialises in tech & online companies.

Share this Article

Find out more.

Need accounting

Request a consultation and speak to one of our business accountants & advisors. Get clear next steps for your project.

Connect with us

Ask Us a Question?

Reach out to us about any of the topics in this article.


Speak to our experts

Other ways to get in touch with us.

Your Privacy


We will never share your details with any third-party.

This form collects your name contact number and email address so that we can contact with you and provide a quote for our services. Please check our Privacy policy to see how we protect and manage your submitted data.



Suite 63, 388 George St, Sydney NSW 2000



120 Spencer St Melbourne VIC 3000



310 Edward St Brisbane QLD 4000